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Roulette's Whirling Progression

Roulette is a name derived from the French word which means "small wheel." Roulette is a form of gambling where the dealer (croupier in French) has to spin the wheel in one track and the ball in an opposite track of the tilted spherical surface revolving around the edge of the wheel.

In France, during 1800's, roulette was created. It is believed that a roulette wheel is the result of the mixture of the different wheel games by Englishmen such as Ace of Hearts, E.O and Roly-Poly and by the Italian games Biribi. The name "roulette" was coined from a board game in France.

Roulette has not change at all ever since it has been a regular game in Paris during 1796. The initial depiction of the modern roulette was written in "La Roulette, Ou Le Jour," a Jacques Lablee's French novel. The roulette was mentioned in the Palais Royal of Paris. The German casino in Homburg around 1843 is where Louis and François Blanc launched the roulette wheel with a single 0 (zero) so it would become competitive to other casinos where the wheels offer single to double 0's house advantage.

The early designs of the wheels of American roulette had numbers from 1 to 28, single and double zero house advantages, plus the American eagle. Roulette actually spread to Europe and USA in the 19th century. During the time that the Germans closed down all gambling lairs in 1860's, the French family Blanc continued operating to the only open and legal casino, the very famous Monte Carlo. In Monte Carlo, the Blanc family created the gambling center for high-class Europeans. The single 0 roulette is the leading and favorite game. Eventually, the single 0 roulette had reached different areas around the world and dominated the roulette world. Only in United States that the double 0 roulette prevails.

According to legend, the famous François Blanc had actually made a bargain with the devil so that he would get the well-kept secrets of the game of roulette. The legend arouse from the fact that the total of all the numbers (from 1 up to 36) on the roulette wheel is "666" which is believed to be the "number of the devil or beast"

In the early part of the 20th century, the only operating casinos worth noting were found in towns of Las Vegas where the double-zero roulette wheel is played (typically American) and the town of Monte Carlo were the regular French single-zero roulette wheel is played. Upon reaching the 1970's, casinos regained its fame and began to boom all over the world.

By the year 2008, most casinos around the world have roulette games in their floors. In the areas of United States, Caribbean and South America, the most common roulette is the double-zero roulette wheel, while the single-zero wheel has made its mark in the European continent.

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